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common health conditions treated by australian gps
The most common health conditions treated by GPs in Australia

If you’re a doctor considering making the big move to live and work Down Under, it’s important to know what to expect day to day from your patients.

The great unknown can be incredibly exciting, as well as challenging, when immersing yourself in a new country, with hundreds of new experiences at your fingertips.

But some knowledge about what to expect when working abroad not only makes good sense but goes a long way to helping you make a good decision for you and your family.

Well informed is well prepared.

So we’ve put together a list of the most common health conditions treated by GPs in Australia.


At 42 per cent, musculoskeletal problems are the second-most common reported reason for visiting a GP in Australia in 2022.

There did however exist a wide disparity between gender of doctors.

Males reported a 54 per cent likely reason for a visit compared with just 31 per cent by female doctors.

These problems include back pain, arthritis and injuries (as well as sporting injuries).

They commonly required via pain management, physical therapy referrals and orthopaedic consultations.


Respiratory illnesses are also among the most common health conditions treated by GPs in Australia.

They accounted for 31 per cent of the reasons for a visit in 2022, down from 56 per cent in 2017.

These included upper respiratory tract infections such as colds, influenza and COVID-19 which was added to the survey data in 2020.

It also included lower respiratory tract infections like bronchitis and pneumonia.

Women’s health

Women’s health issues make up 27 per cent of the responses from the surveyed doctors.

Pap smears, breast examinations, contraceptive counselling and gynaecological referrals were a part of this group which not surprisingly only registered significantly among female doctors (45 per cent).


Circulatory problems result in 21 per cent of the top three reasons offered by doctors for patient visits.

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is now suffered by one third of Australians with GPs playing a crucial role in diagnosing a disease which so often goes undetected, leading to much more serious consequences.

Heart disease and other diseases associated with the arteries and veins are included in this category.

Preventative health

This continues to account for a fairly steady 20 per cent of visits in recent years, except for in 2020 when it ballooned to 56 per cent as patients were motivated to explore ways to avoid contracting COVID-19.

Preventative health also includes immunisations.

Mental health

Even before the incredible challenges and stresses of the pandemic, mental health was the number one reason Australians visited their GP.

These psychological issues include depression, anxiety, mood swings and sleep problems.

When doctors were asked about the top three reasons they are visited by patients, mental health was the top reason.

And it climbed from 61 per cent in 2017 to a whopping 71 per cent by 2022.

Female doctors were more likely (78 per cent) to see patients about mental health than male doctors (63 per cent).

Doctors also reported seeing a significant rise in young people seeking help for mental health disorders, especially women.

They also said the prevalence of mental health problems in the community was significantly underestimated.

Other common health conditions treated by GPs in Australia

Diabetes – to provide care for the ongoing maintenance, management and prevention of the escalation of diabetes.

Skin conditions – diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis and skin infections.

Gastrointestinal – including gastroenteritis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), acid reflux and constipation.

Asthma – management including prescriptions for inhalers and advice on controlling symptoms.

Childhood illnesses – ear infections and other issues that need a referral to an ENT, fevers, respiratory infections and other common childhood diseases.

Men’s health – chiefly prostate health, erectile dysfunction and testosterone-related concerns.

Infectious diseases – sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Chronic conditions – management for any one of a myriad of chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), osteoarthritis and back problems.

Obesity – offering advice to people who either want or need to lose weight including diet and exercise recommendations.

Giving up smoking – helping patients to quit with counselling, advice and the prescription of medications to assist the cause.

Contact Health Recruitment Australia today

GPs are always the first line of defence for common health conditions when a patient is not confronted with a medical emergency.

In Australia, GPs are required to help diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions as well as provide ongoing management and give advice about preventative care.

They also refer patients to specialists or other allied healthcare professionals for further assessment or treatment.

It is a diverse, challenging and highly rewarding world to work in.

A significant GP shortage in Australia exists right now!

There are multiple opportunities available for doctors interested in making the move.

If you’re one of the thousands considering emigrating to Australia to work, let Health Recruitment Australia make your job easier.

HRA is a recruitment agency that specialises in matching overseas doctors of all ages with the right clinics in Australia.

We’ll help you find the right city, area, and practice to work in.

And we’ll even help with all the paperwork too.

Interested in moving your GP career to Australia?

Start with an informal, no-obligation discussion with the experienced team at Health Recruitment Australia. 

Contact us or view available opportunities.

Enquire now, and we’ll be
in touch shortly!


Enquire now, and we’ll be
in touch shortly!